Peter O’Toole (2 August 1932 14 December 2013) was a British stage and film actor. Born and raised in Leeds, England, he attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and began energetic in the theatre, attainment appreciation as a Shakespearean actor at the Bristol Old Vic and subsequently the English Stage Company.
Making his film debut in 1959, O’Toole achieved international submission playing T. E. Lawrence in Lawrence of Arabia (1962) for which he traditional his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. He was nominated for this allergic reaction other seven time for playing King Henry II in both Becket (1964) and The Lion in Winter (1968), Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969), The Ruling Class (1972), The Stunt Man (1980), My Favorite Year (1982), and Venus (2006) and holds the photograph album for the most Academy Award nominations for acting without a win.
He was additionally the recipient of four Golden Globe Awards, one BAFTA Award for Best British Actor and one Primetime Emmy Award. Other performances put in What’s New Pussycat (1965), How to Steal a Million (1966), Supergirl (1984), and teenager roles in The Last Emperor (1987) and Troy (2004). He with voiced Anton Ego, the restaurant critic in Pixar’s Ratatouille (2007).
Early life and education
Peter Seamus O’Toole was born on 2 August 1932, the son of Constance Jane Eliot (ne Ferguson), a Scottish nurse, and Patrick Joseph “Spats” O’Toole, an Irish metal plater, football artiste, and bookmaker. Official chronicles accomplish he was born at St James University Hospital in the English city of Leeds.
Records from the Leeds General Registry Office acknowledge he was born at St James’s University Hospital regarding 2 August 1932. He had an elder sister named Patricia amd grew happening in the south Leeds suburb of Hunslet. When he was one year pass, his relatives began a five-year tour of major racecourse towns in Northern England.
He considering said, “I used to be terrified stiff of the nuns: their cumulative denial of womanhoodthe black dresses and the shaving of the hairwas consequently wretched, consequently terrifying. […] Of course, that’s all been stopped. They’not far-off-off off from sipping gin and tonic in the Dublin pubs now, and a couple of them flashed their beautiful ankles at me just the toting occurring day.”
He attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) from 1952 to 1954 upon a scholarship. This came after creature rejected by the Abbey Theatre’s temporary university in Dublin by the director Ernest Blythe, because he could not speak the Irish language. At RADA, he was in the same class as Albert Finney, Alan Bates and Brian Bedford. We were the complete share of considered dotty.”
He began active in the theatre, gaining entrance as a Shakespearean actor at the Bristol Old Vic and following the English Stage Company, by now making his television debut in 1954. O’Toole played a soldier in an episode of The Scarlet Pimpernel in 1954.
He was based at the Bristol Old Vic from 1956 to 1958, appearing in productions of King Lear (1956), The Recruiting Officer (1956), Major Barbara (1956), Othello (1956), and The Slave of Truth (1956). He was Henry Higgins in Pygmalion (1957), Lysander in A Midsummer Night’s Dream (1957), Uncle Gustve in Oh! My Papa! (1957), and Jimmy Porter in Look Back in Anger (1957).
O’Toole was Tanner in Shaw’s Man and Superman (1958), a pretense he reprised often during his career. He was plus in Hamlet (1958), The Holiday (1958), Amphitryon ’38 (1958), and Waiting for Godot (1958) (as Vladimir). He hoped The Holiday would admit him to the West End but it ultimately folded in the provinces;
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Peter O’Toole continued to appear concerning television, mammal in episodes of Armchair Theatre (“The Pier”, 1957), and BBC Sunday-Night Theatre (“The Laughing Woman”, 1958) and was in the TV getting used to of The Castiglioni Brothers (1958). He made his London debut in a musical Oh, My Papa. O’Toole gained fame regarding the West End in the behave The Long and the Short and the Tall, performed at the Royal Court starting January 1959.
He reprised his motion for television upon Theatre Night in 1959 (although he did not pretend the 1961 film excuse). The disagreement out transferred to the West End in April and won O’Toole Best Actor of the Year in 1959.
While studying at RADA in the into the future 1950s, O’Toole was lithe in protesting adjacent-door to British involvement in the Korean War. Later, in the 1960s, he was an sprightly enemy of the Vietnam War. He played a role in the opening of the current form of the famous folksong “Carrickfergus” which he associated to Dominic Behan, who put it in print and made a recording in the mid-1960s.
Although he at a loose withdraw faith in organised religion as a youthful, O’Toole expressed sure sentiments harshly the energy of Jesus Christ. In an interview for The New York Times, he said “No one can money Jesus away from me… there’s no doubt there was a historical figure of tremendous importance, once invincible notions. Such as innocent family.” He called himself “a retired Christian” who prefers “an education and reading and facts” to faith.
In 1959, he married Welsh actress Sin Phillips, considering whom he had two daughters: actress Kate and Patricia. Phillips future said in two autobiographies that O’Toole had subjected her to mental ill-treat, largely fuelled by drinking, and was subject to bouts of extreme jealousy as well as she finally left him for a younger follower.
O’Toole and his girlfriend, model Karen Brown, had a son, Lorcan O’Toole (born 17 March 1983), to the front O’Toole was fifty years out of date. Lorcan, now an actor, was a pupil at Harrow School, boarding at West Acre from 1996.
Severe revolution on the subject of finished Peter O’Toole liveliness in the late 1970s. O’Toole underwent surgery in 1976 to have his pancreas and a large share of his front removed, which resulted in insulin-dependent diabetes. In 1978, he a propos died from a blood sickness.
O’Toole wrote two memoirs. Loitering With Intent: The Child records his childhood in the years leading going on to World War II and was a New York Times Notable Book of the Year in 1992.
O’Toole retired from acting in July 2012 owing to a recurrence of stomach cancer. He died on the subject of 14 December 2013 at Wellington Hospital in St John’s Wood, London, at the age of 81. His intimates confirmed their try to fulfil his wishes and offer his ashes to the west of Ireland.
On 18 May 2014, a supplementary prize was launched in memory of Peter O’Toole at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School; this includes an annual rave review utter to two teenage actors from the School, including a professional merger at Bristol Old Vic Theatre.