Greta Garbo (1905–1990)
Swedish actress Greta Garbo is best known for her career in both shy and talking films in the back World War II.
Who Was Greta Garbo?
Greta Garbo was born concerning September 18, 1905, in Stockholm, Sweden. A reclusive star, Garbo began her career in Europe in the back coming to the United States to deed out for MGM in the tune of she was 19. Her sensual, perplexing see made her a hit considering American audiences, both in silent and sound films to the fore World War II, and she was nominated for four Oscars, sophisticated winning an honorary terrible compliment. She died in New York City upon April 15, 1990.
One of Hollywood’s most enigmatic stars, Greta Garbo was born Greta Lovisa Gustafson regarding September 8, 1905, in Stockholm, Sweden. To her parents, Karl and Anna, who already had two children, Greta came as a admiration arrival, supplementary straining the family’s already tight finances.
Greta’s father was an unskilled laborer who was often out of fighting and in destitute health, which motivated his intimates to sentient taking into account the constant threat of poverty.
At the age of 13, Greta dropped out of educational to care for her father, who had fallen very ill. He died two years cutting edge of kidney failure. The strain her father’s health and subsequent death left approaching the subject of the relatives intensely affected young people Greta, who promised to make a simulation for herself that was chasm of financial problem.
Modeling and First Films
Following her father’s death, Greta landed job as a salesperson at a Swedish department buildup. To guidance taking place proclaim the men’s clothing stock, Greta starred in a pair of advertising shorts, modeling the attire. Her natural instincts in stomach of the camera soon led her to a role in her first film, a comedy called Peter the Tramp (1922).
A enlarged opportunity followed subsequent to Greta earned a scholarship at the prestigious Royal Dramatic Theater, Sweden’s premier arts school for aspiring actors. But Greta clip her education unexpected after just a year after meeting director Mauritz Stiller, Sweden’s leading shy film director, who wanted the teenager actress to star in his auxiliary film, The Legend of Gosta Berling (1924).
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The film’s carrying out in both Sweden and Germany made Garbo dexterously-known. It moreover solidified a partnership following Stiller that would fiddle subsequent to her career and animatronics. Stiller coached her as an actress and convinced her to reorganize her last make known to Garbo.
Garbo’s neighboring film, Streets of Sorrow (1925), in which she played a prospective prostitute, furthered Garbo’s standing as a star in Europe. The film with caught the attention of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) production chief Louis B. Mayer. Mayer wanted Stiller, who worked upon the film, to doing in America. The flamboyant director certainly to a covenant by now one condition: Garbo was forward behind him. Reluctantly, Mayer inked her to a agreement, too.
Career in America
The 19-year-pass Garbo arrived in America in 1925. Her start had come quietly and from the begin, she showed a reluctance to unity in the middle of the press or aerate all not quite her private excitement. During her first interview, she curtly told reporters, “I was born. I had a mom and dad. I went to learned. What does it matter?”
Garbo’s first American film, The Torrent (1926), cast her as a Spanish peasant who is desperate to become an opera star. But the planned Garbo-Stiller partnership in Hollywood never materialized. Stiller wasn’t hired to accept The Torrent, and after a subsequent blow-going on taking into account MGM executives he bolted for Paramount, where he when more encountered problems gone his bosses. He returned to Sweden in 1928 and died a year sophisticated.
Garbo, however, proved to be an unexpected hit. Her neighboring two films, The Temptress (1926) and Flesh and the Devil (1926), were both wealthy and made the actress an international star.
Trailblazing Film Icon
For MGM, Garbo was the studio’s biggest asset. Her first three films amounted to 13 percent of the company’s profits from 1925-26. Garbo, ever mindful of the financial difficulties she’d grown occurring considering, knew she had leverage. After a conformity clash behind MGM, Garbo, who’d threatened to reward to Sweden, landed a relationship covenant that paid her a photograph album $270,000 per movie and gave her unprecedented run well along than her roles and the films she starred in.
In many ways Garbo represented a substitute nice of Hollywood actress, one whose vulnerabilities, sexuality, passion and mystery swirled together to entice both male and female audiences. Additionally, her style distorted the course of American fashion, even if her reclusive nature (she gave her last American interview in 1927) on your own fueled the public’s assimilation subsequent to her.
The Advent of Sound
The advent of hermetic presented a predicament for MGM. The highly developed of films was sure, but there was definite hesitancy to permit audiences hear Garbo speak. Executives frightened her star gift would be diminished by her accent and low, throaty voice.
MGM finally relented and in 1930, Garbo made her debut in hermetic in a movie adaption of Eugene O’Neill’s Anna Christie. She followed that same year as soon as Romance, and earned Academy Award nominations for both features. Despite MGM’s concerns, Garbo’s star did not fade: In 1931, she teamed happening as soon as Clark Gable in Susan Lenox: Her Fall and Rise, and in 1932, she co-starred subsequent to Melvyn Douglas in As You Desire Me. That similar year, she was allocation of an all-star cast that included John and Lionel Barrymore, Joan Crawford and Wallace Beery in Grand Hotel, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture.
Academy Award Nods
In 1933, Garbo took upon one of her most ambitious roles as a fictional Swedish monarch in Queen Christina. Other films followed, such as Anna Karenina (1935), Camille (1936, for which she earned her third Oscar tribute) and Conquest (1937).
In the tardy 1930s, however, Garbo’s crate office draw began to diminish. With America in the midst of the Depression, the actress’ cosmopolitan style didn’t resonate considering audiences later it by now than had. In an effort to remake herself, Garbo was cast in a pair of comedies, Ninotchka (1939) and Two-Faced Woman (1941), neither of which matched her previous successes, even though she did get your hands on her truthful Oscar nomination for the former. After substitute arrangement disagreement subsequent to MGM, she retired from acting. Garbo distant conventional a special Academy Award in 1955 be heated just roughly the entirety of her career.
Reclusive Years and Death
Away from the glare of Hollywood, Garbo retreated to a private world that few were allowed to glimpse. While she had several admiring intimates, including at least one girl, she never married.
During World War II, though much of Hollywood rallied the country on the deed effort, Garbo generated criticism by surviving largely silent. On the advice of a friend, she invested heavily in definite burning and art. At the era of her death, she was estimated to be worth again $55 million.
Eventually Garbo left California and settled into a added simulation in New York City, where she loved to window shop. Periodic Greta Garbo spottings were reported taking into account UFO sightings. Her links during this last era of her vibrancy included the English photographer Cecil Beaton and ventriloquist and fellow Swede, Edgar Bergen.
In the late 1980s, Garbo’s kidneys began to fail, forcing her to fade away her walks and toting occurring isolating her from the outside world. She died approaching speaking speaking April 15, 1990, at a New York City hospital.
In 2012, some of Greta Garbo‘s possessions, including clothing, jewelry and her bed, were sold at auction. Five years difficult, it was announced that a codicil of the movie star’s letters would plus go occurring for sale at Sotheby’s in London. The 36 letters, written in the 1930s and ’40s, described her loneliness in Hollywood, as competently as her displeasure greater than changes made to the objective of The Two-Faced Woman, her unqualified screen role.