- Born: 30 October 1909, Mumbai
- Work / Post: Father of India’s Atomic Energy Program
- Name : Homi J. Bhabha
Who is Homi Jahangir Baba
Homi J. Bhabha was a great nuclear scientist of India. He laid such a strong foundation for the future form of the country’s nuclear program, due to which India today stands in the queue of major nuclear-rich countries of the world. Dr. Bhabha, who started research in the nuclear field with the help of a handful of scientists, had already tested the potential of nuclear power and its potential use in various fields. Homi started work in the field of nuclear science at a time when knowledge of unconnected chain reactions was negligible and no one was willing to accept the idea of power generation from nuclear power. He also worked on the cosmic rays that enter the atmosphere as they approach the Earth, while rendering the Casket Theory of Electrons. Homi`s was instrumental in the establishment of ‘Tata Institute of Fundamental Research’ (TIFR) and ‘Bhabha Atomic Research Center’. He was also the first Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India.
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Homi J. Bhabha Early life and education
Homi J. Bhabha was born on 30 October 1909 in a wealthy Parsi family in Mumbai. His father Jahangir Bhabha was educated at Cambridge and was a well-known lawyer and at one time also worked for Tata Enterprises. Homi’s mother also belonged to the upper house.
He did his early education at Cathedral School and then went on to study at John Cannon for further education. After this, Homi passed the BSc examination from Elphinstone College Mumbai and the Royal Institute of Science. In the year 1927 he moved to England where he studied engineering at Cambridge. There he earned a bachelor’s degree in 1930 and in 1934 he also received a doctorate from the University of Cambridge.
Homi continued to receive scholarships due to sharp intelligence during his studies. He also received an Isaac Newton Fellowship during his PhD. He also had the opportunity to work with renowned scientists Rutherford, Derac, and Nielsbeg.
Bhabha wanted to study physics – he studied engineering under the wishes of his family. His passion for physics was up to an obsessive level, which is why he kept himself attached to his favorite subject, Physics, even while studying engineering.
Homi J. Bhabha Carrier
In the year 1939, the Homi returned to India at the start of the Second World War. By that time Homi Bhabha had gained considerable fame. During this time he joined the Indian School of Science in Bangalore and was appointed as Reader in 1940. A new journey started from here, after which he remained engaged in the service of science for the country till the last time. In the Indian School of Science Bangalore, he established a separate department for the discovery of cosmic rays.
In the year 1941, at the age of 31, Dr. Bhabha was elected a member of the Royal Society, which was a great achievement in itself. He was made a professor in 1944. The immediate president of the Indian School of Science and Nobel laureate Prof.
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He founded the ‘Tata Institute of Fundamental Research’ in Mumbai with the help of JRD Tata and became its director in the year 1945.
In the year 1948, Dr. Bhabha established the Atomic Energy Commission of India and represented India on international nuclear energy forums. Apart from this, he was also the head of many more important international organizations.
One of the great things about Bhabha is that he had a keen interest and good interest in science as well as in the fields of classical music, sculpture, painting and dance. They encouraged painters and sculptors to buy their paintings and sculptures and decorate them at the institute in Tombre and also participate in concerts.
Sir CV Raman, the great scientist and Nobel laureate of India, barely uttered words of praise to his scientific friends… but there was an exception… Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha. Raman used to call him Leonardo de Vinci of India.
In 1955, Dr. Homi J. Bhabha was appointed Chairman in the first conference of ‘Use of Atomic Energy for Peaceful Work’ organized by the Union of the United States in Geneva. While scientists from western countries were propagating that underdeveloped countries should first do industrial development, then nuclear power should be thought of, while Dr. Bhabha strongly contradicted it and said that Least Developed Nations use it peacefully and industrial development Can do for.
This great scientist and dreamer of India died in a plane crash in Switzerland on 24 January 1966.
This great scientist and dreamer of India died in a plane crash in Switzerland on 24 January 1966. The story of his life is also the story of the creation of modern India. One of these was Jawaharlal Nehru, the second was Mahatma Gandhi and the third was Homi J. Bhabha. Homi was not only a great mathematician and scientist but also a great engineer, builder and gardener. Apart from this, he was also an artist. In fact, of all the people I have known and these two people I have mentioned, Homi is the only person.
- Homi Bhabha received several honorary degrees from Indian and foreign universities
- In 1941, at the age of 31, Dr. Bhabha was elected a member of the Royal Society.
- Received the Adams Prize in the year 1943
- Awarded Hopkins Award in the year 1948
- In the year 1959, Cambridge University conferred Dr. of Science
- In the year 1954, the Government of India decorated Dr. Bhabha with Padma Bhushan.