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Many such great men have been born in India, whom few say about. We also consider Science Day in the name of scientist in our country. There are many such scientists in Vegenico of India, about whom people know very little. UD Rao (Udapi Ramachandra Rao / Udupi Ramachandra Rao) is one of them. Today we will know about who is in this post Udapi Ramachandran Rao whose google gave the Tribute from doodle?

Udapi Ramachandra Rao (10 March 1932 – 24 July 2017) was one of the meritorious scientists of India. He was a Space Scientist of India and was the Chairman of ISRO (INDIAN SPACE REASERCH ORGANISATION) of India. He was also the Chairman of the Physical Research Laboratory of India, Ahmedabad and Nehru Planetarium in Bangalore. He was also the Chairman of the Indian Institute for Space Science and Technology (IIST) located in Thiruvananthapuram, India.

Udapi Ramachandra Rao was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1976. And was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 2017. Rao was honored with the SATELITE HALL OF FAME on 19 March 2013 by Washington in a conference organized by SOCIETY OF SATELITE PROFESSION INTERNATIONAL. He became the first scientist from India.


U. R. Rao was born on 10 March 1932 in Adamru district, Karnataka. His father’s name was Laksminarayan Acharya and mother’s name was Krishnadevi Amma. He did his schooling from his village’s primary school, which was located in Adamru. Rao did his further studies from a Christian high school. He studied high in B.Sc, Government Arts and Science College, Anantpur, and his M.Sc. From Banaras Hindu University (Banaras Hindu University) and his Ph.D, from Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, with his mentor and his teacher Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.

After further studies, when he started working, he worked as an MIT Assistant Professor (PROFESSOR) while working. When Rao had completed his work from the US, he returned to India and in 1966 he attended Appenpad in Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad.


Born in Adamaru region of Udupi district in Karnataka, Rao was involved in all or some of ISRO’s campaigns. Since the beginning of his career in 1960, the development of space technology in India has particularly contributed to the widespread use of communication and remote sensing of natural resources. He was the first director of the ISRO Satellite Center. In his tenure as Director of the Center from 1976 to 1984, he made his pioneering contribution in the development of satellite technology in the country. He took responsibility for the establishment of satellite technology in India in 1972.

Under his guidance, in 1975, the first Indian satellite ‘Aryabhata‘ inaugurated more than 18 satellites to provide communication, remote sensing and meteorological services. After taking over as Chairman, Space Commission and Secretary, Department of Space in 1984, he pushed forward the development of rocket technology. As a result, ASLV Rocket and operational PSLV The launch vehicle which can launch 20 ton class satellites in polar orbit was successfully used. He launched the Geostationary Launch Vehicle GSLV in 1991. Laid the foundation for the development of and development of cryogenic technology.

Prior to his death, he was the President of the Council of Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. MIT An assistant professor at the University of Texas at Dallas, after serving as a faculty member at the University of Dallas where he led many of the pioneering and exploratory astronauts as a major experimenter, he returned to India in 1966 and became a professor at the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. He has published more than 350 scientific and technical articles on cosmic rays, interplanetary physics, high energy astronomy, space applications and satellite and rocket technology topics and has written several books. He has done D.Sc from more than 21 universities. K is also the recipient, including the oldest university in Europe, the University of Bologna.


After taking charge of ISRO in 1985, Udapi Ramachandra Rao paid more attention to the expansion of rocket technology to propel India into the field of rocket and successfully launched the ASLV rocket in 1992. In 1995, he had full responsibility for the PSLV launch vehicle which could carry about 850 weight and go into space. Rao did not stop after that, he contributed to the creation of GSLV in 1991. Which succeeded in taking CRYOGENIC TECHNOLOGY into space.

With his contribution, he created INSAT SETELITE. The task of INSAT SETELITE was to improve communication (COMUNICATION) in India, during 1980–1990. After the successful launch of INSAT, his job was to make TELE COMUNICATION better in India. Due to INSAT SETELITE, the telephone round in India started, so that we could talk to each other even remotely. And along with India, we could talk in other countries also outside India. He was appointed the first chairman of ANTRIX CORPORATION. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1976 by the Government of India due to his contribution.


He received many awards from India in view of his contribution. At the same time, he was also awarded the international stage. He made India proud in the whole world. Some of his awards are as follows:


  • 1975 Karnataka Rajyotsava Award
  • 1975 Hari Om Vikram Sarabhai Award
  • 1975 Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in the Space science & technology field
  • 1980 National Design Award
  • 1980 Vasvik Research Award in the Electronic Sciences & Technology field
  • 1983 Karnataka Rajyotsava Award
  • 1987 PC Mahalnobis Medal
  • 1993 Om Prakash Bhasin Award in the Energy & Aerospace field
  • 1993 Meghnad Saha Medal
  • 1994 P.C. Chandra Puraskar Award
  • 1994 Electronics Man of the Year Award by ELCINA
  • 1995 Zaheer Hussain Memorial Award
  • 1995 Aryabhata Award
  • 1995 Jawaharhal Nehru Award
  • 1996 SK Mitra Birth Centenary Gold Medal
  • 1997 Yudhvir Foundation Award
  • 1997 Rabindranath Tagore Award of Viswa Bharati University
  • 1999 Gujar Mal Modi Award for Science & Technology
  • 2001 Nadoja Award from Kannada University, Hampi
  • 2001 Life Time Contribution Award in Engineering of INAE
  • 2002 Sir M. Visvesvaraya Memorial Award
  • 2003 Press Bureau of India Award
  • 2004 Star of India Award from Vishwabharathy Foundation, Hyderabad
  • 2004 Special Award 2004, Karnataka Media Academy
  • 2005 Bharat Ratna Rajiv Gandhi Outstanding Leadership Award
  • 2007 Life Time Achievement Award of Indian Space Research Organisation
  • 2007 Distinguished Scientist Gold Medal of the Karnataka Science & Technology Academy.
  • 2007 Vishwamanava Award by Vishwamanava Samsthe
  • 2007 A.V. Rama Rao Technology Award
  • 2008 Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award for 2007-2008 from ISCA
  • 2017 Padma Vibhushan


  • 1973 Group Achievement Award by NASA, USA
  • 1975 Medal of Honour by Academy of Sciences, USSR
  • 1991 Yuri Gagarin Medal of USSR
  • 1992 Allan D Emil Award on International Cooperation
  • 1994 Frank J Malina Award (International Astronautical Federation)
  • 1996 Vikram Sarabhai Medal of COSPAR
  • 1997 Outstanding Book Award of the International Academy of Astronautics for the Book Space Technology for Sustainable Development
  • 2000 Eduard Dolezal Award of ISPRS
  • 2004 Space News magazine named him as one of the Top 10 International personalities who have made a substantial difference in civil, commerce and military space in the world since 1989
  • 2005 Theodore Von Karman Award which is the highest Award of the International Academy of Astronautics.
  • 2013 Inducted into Satellite Hall of Fame by Society of Satellite Professionals International’
  • 2016 Inducted into Hall of Fame by International Astronautical Federation.


Shri Rao died on 24 July 2017 after a heart attack due to prolonged illness.

Read more-> Sundar Pichai Biography